Situational Prison Control: Crime Prevention in Correctional by Richard Wortley PDF

By Richard Wortley

ISBN-10: 0511019955

ISBN-13: 9780511019951

ISBN-10: 0521804183

ISBN-13: 9780521804189

This e-book examines the keep watch over of felony affliction during the program of situational crime prevention ideas. It spans topic areas--crime prevention and corrections--and could curiosity lecturers in addition to practitioners in those fields. On one hand, the e-book provides a brand new version of situational prevention that has purposes past associations to neighborhood settings. at the different, the exam of specific challenge behaviors presents a entire assessment of the felony regulate literature that doesn't rely on a selected curiosity in situational crime prevention.

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Read e-book online Situational Prison Control: Crime Prevention in Correctional PDF

This ebook examines the keep watch over of criminal disease throughout the program of situational crime prevention rules. It spans topic areas--crime prevention and corrections--and could curiosity lecturers in addition to practitioners in those fields. On one hand, the ebook offers a brand new version of situational prevention that has functions past associations to group settings.

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SITUATIONAL THEORIES OF PRISON BEHAVIOUR 33 While rational choice perspective emphasises the role of immediate situations in criminal behaviour, it is not assumed that crime is necessarily opportunistic in the sense of being a spur-of-the-moment reaction to a chance circumstance. On occasions crime opportunities may simply be taken as they fortuitously occur, but opportunities may also be sought out or created by the offender. However, even planned crimes by highly motivated offenders involve situational considerations.

Special care needs to be taken when dealing with crowds to prevent deindividuation. McKenzie (1982) outlined several techniques for interrupting the development of crowd violence, including dividing the crowd into smaller units, removing crowd leaders, and distracting the attention of the crowd away from the focal point. In a study on preventing rioting at an annual motor-cycle race, Veno and Veno (1993) demonstrated the success of cooperative, non-confrontational methods of crowd control. On the other hand, provocative methods of control – sometimes a single triggering incident of overpolicing – can galvanise crowd members and incite collective disorder (Reicher, 1991; Shellow and Roemer, 1987).

In its original, radical form, behaviour theory presents a hard deterministic model of human action (Skinner, 1953). According to the principle of determinism, free will is an illusion and human beings simply respond helplessly to the various environmental forces acting upon them. Radical behaviourists are not concerned with what goes on inside people’s heads (and for that reason the approach is sometimes called black-box psychology), just with stimulus-response (S-R) relationships. At the situational level, behaviour is subject to two types of environmental stimuli.

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Situational Prison Control: Crime Prevention in Correctional Institutions by Richard Wortley


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