By Philip Bean
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Additional info for Drugs and crime
Areas with high drug abuse will mean that the drug users who commit offences do so against those living in their immediate locality – and that includes other drug users. In our Nottingham study we found that drug users were active burglars, but were just as often victims of burglary (Bean and Wilkinson 1988). They stole from others and were stolen from. Similarly, Trevor Bennett (1998) found that nearly half the arrestees who reported taking drugs within the last year said their drug use was connected to their offending.
Mike Hough (1996: 8) has identified three which he says have begun to dominate. They are 1. The coping model or self-medication model which tries to explain why drug misuse goes hand in hand with social deprivation. Drug taking is seen as a palliative to the poor quality of economic and social life. 2. The structure model which emphasises that those denied legitimate opportunity to achieve society’s economic and social goals do so by achieving them through illegitimate routes. 3. The status model develops opportunity theory, identifying status and identity associated with economic exclusion.
E. polyaddicts or polyusers – and commit crimes at significantly higher rates over longer periods than less drug-involved criminals. ). ). 8 billion. 45 billion of property each year) (Guardian 22 May 2003). Other British studies give a similar picture. Studies of heroin users in Merseyside show how burglary rates increase when heroin use increases (Parker and Newcombe 1987). The Shadow Home Secretary in 1996 produced evidence which he subsequently used to introduce the Drug Treatment and Testing Order (or DTTO), showing that the growth in the rate of crime was accompanied by a similar growth in the rate of substance abuse (Labour Party 1996).
Drugs and crime by Philip Bean