By J. Stenesh
According to the growth of information in biochemistry and molecular biology, the Second Edition of this reference has been thoroughly revised and up-to-date, with nearly 16,000 new entries. Names of particular compounds and different components were considerably enlarged, and definitions were extended for readability and precision. details is drawn from over 500 books and 1,000 articles, together with ideas of the fee on Biochemical Nomenclature, the foreign Union of natural and utilized Chemistry, and the overseas Union of Biochemistry. phrases utilized by biochemists from a vast variety of sciences, similar to chemistry, immunology, genetics, virology, biophysics, and microbiology, are integrated. Abbreviations, either average and nonstandard, also are supplied, in addition to cross-referenced synonymous expressions.
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Extra resources for Dictionary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Amino acid side chain The atoms of the amino acid molecule exclusive of the alpha carbon atom and its hydrogen atom, the alpha amino group, and the alpha carboxyi group. amino acid starvation See starvation (2). amino acid substitution AMINO ACID REPLACEMENT. amino acidrtRNA ligase AMINOACYL-IRNA SYNTHETASE. aminoaciduria The presence of excessive amounts of amino acids in the urine. aminoacyl- Combining form denoting an amino acid that is esterified through its carboxyi group to another molecule.
Antigenic drift A change in the specificity of viral antigens as a function of time. This occurs, for example, in the case of influenza and AIDS viruses. As the human population becomes immune to infection by existing viral strains, there is an increased tendency for natural selection of other, slightly different, strains that can evade the human immune response. As a result, strains of slightly different antigenicity become established. antigenic gain The cellular acquisition of new antigenic determinants, or the unmasking of existing cellular antigenic determinants.
2. Lacking a definite form or organization; descriptive of nonhelical regions in macromolecules. AMP 1. Adenosine monophosphate (adenylic acid). 2. Adenosine-5'-monophosphate (5'adenylic acid). 3. Avian myeloblastosis virus. 001118 g/s. Sym A. amperometric titration A titration in which either the titrant or the substance being titrated is electroactive and the limiting current is plotted as a function of added titrant. amphetamine The drug, l-phenyl-2-aminopropane, that stimulates the central nervous system and inhibits sleep.
Dictionary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology by J. Stenesh