Read e-book online Developmental-behavioral pediatrics : evidence and practice PDF

By Mark Wolraich; et al

ISBN-10: 032304025X

ISBN-13: 9780323040259

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Vygotsky is also noteworthy for his consideration of the way cognitive development varies across cultures. Unlike Piaget, who maintained that cognitive development is largely universal across cultures, Vygotsky argued that variability in cognitive development that reflects the child’s cultural experiences should be expected. As such, Vygotsky played a role in the movement toward cross-cultural and contextually oriented studies in developmental psychology. , family, peers, school, work) are considered with regard to their unique influences on development.

This notion formed the basis of Freud’s theory of psychosexual development. Although many of Freud’s ideas have not been supported by empirical evidence, no one would refute that his contributions changed clinicians’ thinking within the field. For instance, he was the fi rst to popularize the notion that childhood experiences affect adult lives, as well as the fi rst to introduce the idea of a subconscious motivation. 46 Freud was also the fi rst prominent theorist to endorse an interactionist perspective, which acknowledged both biological and environmental factors that influence human development (although he emphasized the impact of environmental factors, such as parenting).

102,108 Given this overview of assumptions and tenets, we now provide more specific reviews of some of the major constructs from this field. Developmental Trajectories during Childhood and Adolescence: Multifinality and Equifinality As implied previously, proponents of the developmental psychopathology perspective attempt to understand how pathology unfolds over time, rather than examining symptoms at a single time point. , some youth may show rapid increases in alcohol use over time, some may show gradual increases, and others may show increases followed by decreases109).

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Developmental-behavioral pediatrics : evidence and practice by Mark Wolraich; et al

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