By Daniel J. Taylor
Marcus Terentius Varro (116–27 B.C.) was once some of the most prolific writers in antiquity. notwithstanding, of his De Lingua Latina in basic terms six of 25 books have survived, and those are neither entire nor freed from textual corruption. This learn is an try and offer an enough, constant, and complete account of the linguistic concept with which Varro operated insofar because it could be recovered from the continues to be of De Lingua Latina.
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Additional info for Declinatio: A study of the linguistic theory of Marcus Terentius Varro
The genus sterile is defined negatively by the total absence of dec l i n a t i o in any sense, as is indicated by the examples et, iam, vix, eras, magis, cur, and by the clause "quod ex se parit nihil" ["which produces nothing from itself11] which Varro adduces to explain the ad jective sterile and which reinforces by implication the procreative function of declinatio which pertains only to the genus fecundum. The genus fecundum refers to those words which manifest declinatio, regardless of its specific denotation as to derivational or inflectional morphology.
Item, sicut illic caput suum habebit et in obliquis oasibus transitio erit in alian quam formulam, qua assumpta reliqua faoilius possint videri verba, unde sint deolinata (fit enim, ut rectus casus nonnunquam sit ambiguas), ut in hoc verbo volo, quod id duo significat, unum a voluntate, alterum a volando; itaque a voto intellegimus et volare et veile. 103 Consequently if in the verbal paradigm, as sometimes occurs in nouns, the head lexical construct does not exist or is of a different typological class, we relate, on the basis of the same sort of symmetry as obtained in nouns, why analogy is nevertheless maintained.
The speakers themselves impose names as their voluntas "will" directs, and for this reason what we understand as derivational morphology was designated by Varro as declinatio voluntaria. "] The relationship between various terms, whether technical or meta phorical, of Varro's jargon, his metalanguage, has already been demon strated to a certain extent, and this internal consistency of the termi nology persists throughout the De Lingua Latina to a remarkable degree. Varro's use of the adjective voluntaria and the noun voluntas to characterize declinatio in the sense of derivational morphology is by no means haphazard, nor is it due to coincidence.
Declinatio: A study of the linguistic theory of Marcus Terentius Varro by Daniel J. Taylor