New PDF release: Decentralization and intrastate struggles : Chechnya,

By Kristin M. Bakke

ISBN-10: 1107094380

ISBN-13: 9781107094383

ISBN-10: 131614612X

ISBN-13: 9781316146125

ISBN-10: 1316320472

ISBN-13: 9781316320471

There isn't any one-size-fits-all decentralized repair to deeply divided and conflict-ridden states. one of many hotly debated coverage prescriptions for states dealing with self-determination calls for is a few kind of decentralized governance - together with local autonomy preparations and federalism - which provides minority teams a level of self-rule. but the music checklist of present decentralized states means that those have greatly divergent means to include conflicts inside of their borders. via in-depth case reports of Chechnya, Punjab, and Québec, in addition to a statistical cross-country research, this ebook argues that whereas coverage, financial, and political decentralization can, certainly, be peace-preserving every now and then, the consequences of those associations are conditioned by means of characteristics of the societies they (are intended to) govern. Decentralization can assist protect peace in a single nation or in a single zone, however it could have simply the other influence in a rustic or zone with diverse ethnic and monetary features

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Extra info for Decentralization and intrastate struggles : Chechnya, Punjab, and Québec

Example text

In Gurr’s (1970) classic formulation, collective disadvantages and relative deprivation are at the heart of violent political mobilization, and he later argues that ethnic minority group discrimination, including economic discrimination, contributes to conflict (Gurr 2000a; see also Stewart 2003; Østby 2008). Similarly, Hechter (1975) suggests that the cultural division of labor and economic inequalities between ethnic groups contributes to distinct ethnic identities and resistance to political integration by the less advantaged group.

Note that the outcome here is not necessarily violent conflict but opposition based on conflict of interest, which can manifest itself in collective action short of violence. Thus, at the regional level of analysis, I hypothesize the following: H1a: Cultural policy autonomy is likely to contain self-determination conflict where the struggle is fought in the name of an ethnic minority group rather than a region and in regions where the majority of the population belongs to an ethnic group that is a minority in the state as a whole (ethnic majority/minority regions).

Thus, where interregional income inequality is high, fiscal decentralization will likely exacerbate those inequalities, contributing to conflict: H2b: Fiscal decentralization is likely to prevent self-determination conflict in states characterized by low interregional inequality. Fiscal decentralization is likely to have the reverse effect in states characterized by high interregional inequality. Political Elite Ties The potential for violent conflict is probably higher the more people are dissatisfied with the status quo and see few benefits of staying put in the state.

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Decentralization and intrastate struggles : Chechnya, Punjab, and Québec by Kristin M. Bakke

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