By Yvonne Jewkes, Gayle Letherby
This reader offers a accomplished advent for college students learning criminology at undergraduate point. not just does the publication comprise 34 crucial readings, but in addition editorial statement with part introductions, examine questions, and recommendations for extra analyzing. The reader will offer an intensive grounding in matters on the topic of the examine of crime, the legal justice procedure, and social regulate. of their choice the editors have sought to point crime's diverse and conflicting background in addition to its present debates. the combination of ancient and newer readings exhibits numerous views. The Reader could be a necessary sourcebook for college kids and academics within the fields of criminology, felony justice reviews, the sociology of crime and deviance, socio- criminal experiences, social coverage, felony legislations and social paintings.
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Additional info for Criminology: A Reader
These approaches take as their focus of concern the wider socio-economic and cultural conditions which may or may not propel individuals into criminal behaviour and it is these more sociologically informed approaches we shall consider under our next thematic heading: a concern with the criminality of behaviour. THE CRIMINALITY OF BEHAVIOUR A concern with the criminality of behaviour focuses attention on factors external to the individual which might result in their behaviour either being lawbreaking or being defined as lawbreaking.
This assumes that those who have broken a rule constitute a homogeneous category, because they have committed the same deviant act. Such an assumption seems to me to ignore the central fact about deviance: it is created by society. I do not mean this in the way it is ordinarily understood, in which the causes of deviance are located in the social situation of the deviant or in ‘social factors’ which prompt his action. I mean, rather, that social groups create deviance by making the rules whose infraction constitutes deviance, and by applying those rules to particular people and labeling them as outsiders.
Delinquent subculture provided an alternative, sometimes oppositional, means of achieving such status. So the strains produced as a consequence of social disorganization result in the formation of norms and values through which lower class youth can achieve status and success. One question, however, remained unanswered within this framework; how was it that not all lower class youth embraced the delinquent subculture nor chose the same kind of deviant solution despite being subjected to similar strains of social disorganization?
Criminology: A Reader by Yvonne Jewkes, Gayle Letherby