By Ulrike Tabbert
Reviews on crime in newspapers don't offer a impartial illustration of criminals and their offences yet in its place build them in line with societal discourse surrounding this factor. This publication takes an interdisciplinary method on the intersection of Linguistics, Criminology, and Media experiences and demonstrates how Linguistics can give a contribution to the research of crime within the media. by way of combining the instruments provided via Corpus Linguistics and significant Stylistics (a text-based framework for severe Discourse Analysis), proof is equipped for most important perceptions of crime and their underlying ideologies in either British and German society. This learn names and illustrates the main major linguistic units used to build offenders, sufferers, and crimes in newspaper corpora compiled from the German and British press. those units are then associated with criminological frameworks.
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Extra info for Crime and Corpus: The linguistic representation of crime in the press
Therefore, we need to bear in mind that the newspaper articles under scrutiny are carriers of ideologies about offenders, victims, and crimes and the path towards detecting those ideologies starts on the textual level. Based on the criminological theories outlined in Chapter 2, I intend to uncover the underlying ideologies on crime in the texts studied by means of a linguistic approach. The knowledge of criminological theories facilitates the explanation of the ideological concepts to be found in the texts because the former are based on ideological perspectives on crime as well.
Seeing offenders as deviant by birth provides the ground for a one-dimensional construction of offenders in newspaper reports as I will outline later in Chapters 6 and 7. 1 Offenders and labelling theory Regardless of what leads a person to commit a crime, it is argued that behaviour is labelled as deviant pending on social response (Becker 1966). This implies that crime has to be perceived as such by society (Becker 1966: 18, 20). First introduced by Tannenbaum (1938) and later refined by Becker (1966), Labelling Theory notes that a person only needs to commit a single offence to be considered a criminal.
But because of the influence of Foucault on critical language studies I mention his key notions here. Foucault argues that ‘[t]he character of power in modern societies is tied to problems of managing populations’ (Fairclough 1992a: 50). He explains that power is exercised ‘in the process of gathering knowledge’ and that ‘language becomes the primary instrument through which ideology is transmitted, enacted and reproduced’ (Teo 2000: 11). Foucault contributed to the philosophical basis for Critical Linguistics and Critical Discourse Analysis and his arguments are relevant to my analysis because they hold that power can be traced on the micro-level, that is, the textual level.
Crime and Corpus: The linguistic representation of crime in the press by Ulrike Tabbert