By Vivien Stern
Vivien Stern explains the forces dictating the form and path of crime styles and legal justice responses globally, arguing that many rules being pursued this present day, together with the so-called warfare on medicinal drugs and monetary regulations that raise inequality, are literally growing crimes. She argues convincingly that the way in which ahead isn't really harsher prisons or letting advertisement agencies become profitable out of privatized prisons. in its place, a brand new legal justice schedule may still contain minimum use of the legal justice method, with policing liable to neighborhood groups, imprisonment as a final hotel, morally educative consequences that profit sufferers instead of simply punishing the perpetrators, and a renewed emphasis on social justice and fiscal improvement that advantages every person.
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Extra resources for Creating Criminals: Prisons and People in a Market Society (Global Issues Series)
80 Such deaths can happen in rich countries, too. A report on the treatment of HIV-positive prisoners at the Limestone Correctional Facility in Alabama in the US found that the deaths of almost all the 44 such prisoners who had died since 1999 could have been prevented. 81 Many of the people who go to prison are those who cannot afford the medicines they need, who come from housing conditions that breed tuberculosis, and who may have worked in the sex industry Stern 01 14/3/06 9:45 pm Page 41 Behind the Bars: the Injustice of Prison and contracted HIV infection.
72 In many ways women suffer more from being imprisoned than men do. Prison systems are designed for dealing with men. Men are the majority everywhere. Policies, rules and regulations are formulated with men in mind. Since the number of women is much smaller, in some countries there is one women’s prison and all the women prisoners from the whole country are held there, even though it may be many hours’ or days’ journey from their home districts where their families live. An alternative model is to establish small women’s units or wings attached to a number of larger male prisons but separated from them.
This approach in the US is seen not just in its extreme punishments but in the amount of punishment it imposes on its citizens. In July 2004 another milestone was passed. Imprisonment rates are usually measured per 100,000 of the general population. The world average is about 143 per 100,000. The West European average is 108 per 100,000. The new figure for the United States for the end of 2004 was 724 per 100,000. What can we make of these figures and the huge differences between countries? The US keeps six times as many of its people in prison as does the country on its borders, Canada.
Creating Criminals: Prisons and People in a Market Society (Global Issues Series) by Vivien Stern