By Kristel Proost
This quantity bargains with the prevalence of lexical gaps within the area of linguistic motion verbs. notwithstanding those represent a substantial percentage of the verb stock of many languages, now not all strategies of verbal verbal exchange can be expressed by way of lexical goods in any specific one in all them. Introducing a conceptual approach which permits gaps to be looked for systematically, this research exhibits which strategies of verbal communique are and which aren't lexicalised in English, German and Dutch. The lexicalisation styles saw make clear the best way verbal behaviour is conceptualised in a selected speech neighborhood. to accomplish the image, the quantity additionally addresses the query of no matter if conversation innovations which can no longer be expressed by way of verbs should be lexicalised via fastened multiword expressions.
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Additional resources for Conceptual Structure in Lexical Items: The Lexicalisation of Communication Concepts in English, German and Dutch
The second question, more basic than the first, concerns the nature of the criteria required. Searle’s criteria apply to illocutionary acts, not necessarily to illocutionary verbs: not everything which is relevant to illocutionary acts is also part of the meaning of illocutionary verbs. Some of Searle’s classification criteria are irrelevant to the meaning of illocutionary verbs. This is true, for example, of the direction of fit between words and the world and the phenomenon of performativity.
On Austin’s account, we have simply not developed performative formula containing these verbs, because society does not approve of the acts in question. Austin and Searle both attribute the possibility or impossibility of using a given illocutionary verb performatively to social factors. Such an account of performativity is more powerful than one along the lines of Verschueren, because it provides an explanation for many more cases. Verschueren’s model only offers an explanation for some exceptional cases.
All other criteria serve to make subclassifications within each of the five main classes of illocutionary acts. Criticism of Searle’s taxonomy has centred mainly around the notion of illocutionary point, which, according to several authors, has never been clearly defined (cf. Ballmer & Brennenstuhl 1981: 58; Vanparys 1996: 31). This is not surprising given the fact that the notion of illocutionary point is derived from the essential condition for the felicitous performance of a particular speech act.
Conceptual Structure in Lexical Items: The Lexicalisation of Communication Concepts in English, German and Dutch by Kristel Proost