By Andrew Baum
* writer of excessive reputation, either in academia and company * essentially written, available and entirely revised for traders, managers, advisors and scholars * hugely topical in state-of-the-art hard industry conditionsThis ebook uniquely combines educational literature and useful event to supply a simple and built-in view on international genuine property funding for pension money, different associations and execs, fairly within the united kingdom. The publication is split into 3 sections. half One describes the marketplace, the and the funding cars on hand, in addition to a functionality his. learn more... conceal; Prelims_Prelims.pdf; Part1_Layout 1.pdf; Chapter1_Layout 1.pdf; Chapter2_Layout 1.pdf; Part2_Layout 1.pdf; Chapter3_Layout 1.pdf; Chapter4_Layout 1.pdf; Chapter5_Layout 1.pdf; Part3_Layout 1.pdf; Chapter6_Layout 1.pdf; Chapter7_Layout 1.pdf; Chapter8_Layout 1.pdf; Part4_Layout 1.pdf; Chapter9_Layout 1.pdf; Chapter10_Layout 1.pdf; References_Layout 1.pdf; Index_Layout 1.pdf
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Additional resources for Commercial real estate investment : a strategic approach
75%. 75%. 25%. These costs, which can be even higher in other jurisdictions, define one cause of the ‘bid-offer spread’ which inhibits liquidity. 0625m in order not to have lost money. But in a flat or falling market buyers will not pay this price, and sellers are tempted to hang on until the selling market is stronger. Hence liquidity will be positively related to capital growth in the market. There are also indirect costs of transacting property. Every property is unique, which means that time and effort have to be expended on researching its physical qualities, its legal title and its supportable market value.
7). Commercial property falls somewhere between the two in terms of certainty of income. In a standard UK lease, with upward-only rent reviews, the initial rental income set at the start of a lease remains certain, with only the uplifts expected at each rent review being uncertain. Given long leases, the principal return to the investor is an income return; and the value of the reversion at the expiry of the lease (while largely uncertain) is of reduced importance. Overall, therefore, commercial property should be a low to medium-risk asset, compared with bonds at the least risky end of the spectrum and equities at the most risky.
But such issues are not unique to the auditing/accountancy/consultancy profession, and there is some evidence of problems existing within the client/valuer relationship. In the UK, a distinction is made between independent valuers, who are unable to act for the client in other transactions and activities, and external valuers, who are. This is clearly of relevance in determining the potential for conflicts of interest. Issues raised by an investigation of the ‘moral hazards’ (conflicts of interest) involved in the principal/agent (client/valuer) relationship include the following.
Commercial real estate investment : a strategic approach by Andrew Baum