By H. G. Unger and D. ter Haar (Auth.)
By Philip S. Harrington
This finished paintings takes you on a private travel of the universe utilizing not anything greater than a couple of binoculars. extra finished than any publication presently to be had, it begins with Earth's nearest neighbor, the moon, after which is going directly to discover every one planet within the sun process, asteroids, meteors, comets and the sunlight. Following this, the reader is whisked away into deep house to discover celestial our bodies together with stars which are recognized and lots of points of interest much less widely used. the ultimate bankruptcy contains a precise atlas of deep-sky items seen via binoculars. The appendices contain advice on tips to purchase, take care of and preserve astronomical binoculars, advice and tricks on utilizing them, and special info on numerous home-made binocular mounts.
By A. Ray Hilton
State of the art recommendations for yielding top quality chalcogenide glasses This pioneering paintings describes the know-how, constructed over a 50-year interval, to make use of chalcogenide glasses as infrared optical fabrics. equipment for qualitatively settling on chalcogenide glass compositions and generating high-purity homogeneous glass are mentioned. Chalcogenide Glasses for Infrared Optics comprises specified construction thoughts constructed throughout the author's paintings at either Texas tools (TI) and Amorphous fabrics, Inc. (AMI). The construction of vacuum waft zoned silicon, gallium arsenide, and cadmium telluride, all necessary in infrared expertise, is defined. The ebook highlights examples of the way glass composition might be replaced to reinforce a specific estate. insurance contains: Transmission of sunshine through solids actual homes of chalcogenide glasses Glass construction cautious characterization of glass houses traditional lens fabrication--spherical surfaces Molding of unconventional aspheric lenses with diffractive surfaces Glass strategies for different functions IR imaging bundles made up of chalcogenide glass fibers creation of infrared crystalline fabrics at AMI improvement of an automated ellipsometer method at TI
By Keith B. Doyle, Victor L. Genberg, Gregory J. Michels
This educational provides optomechanical modeling ideas to successfully layout and learn high-performance optical platforms. It discusses thermal and structural modeling tools that use finite-element research to foretell the integrity and function of optical components and optical help constructions. comprises accompanying CD-ROM with examples.
- creation to Mechanical research utilizing Finite Elements
- Optical Fundamentals
- Optomechanical Displacement research Methods
- built-in Optomechanical Analyses
- Modeling the results of Temperature
- Adaptive Optics research Methods
- Optimization of Optomechanical Systems
- instance Telescope Analysis
- built-in Optomechanical research of a Lens Assembly
By Alexander A. Demkov, Alexandra Navrotsky
This booklet provides the basics of novel gate dielectrics which are being brought into semiconductor production to make sure the continual scaling of CMOS units. As it is a swiftly evolving box of analysis we elect to target the fabrics that confirm the functionality of machine functions. each one of these fabrics are transition steel oxides. sarcastically, the d-orbitals chargeable for the excessive dielectric consistent reason serious integration problems, therefore intrinsically restricting high-k dielectrics. even though new within the electronics lots of those fabrics are famous within the box of ceramics, and we describe this exact connection. The complexity of the structure-property kinfolk in TM oxides calls for using state of the art first-principles calculations. numerous chapters provide an in depth description of the fashionable idea of polarization, and heterojunction band discontinuity in the framework of the density useful thought. Experimental equipment comprise oxide soften answer calorimetry and differential scanning calorimetry, Raman scattering and different optical characterization options, transmission electron microscopy, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy.
Many of the issues encountered on the earth of CMOS also are suitable for different semiconductors reminiscent of GaAs. A accomplished overview of modern advancements during this box is hence additionally given. The publication should be of curiosity to these actively engaged in gate dielectric study, and to graduate scholars in fabrics technology, fabrics Physics, fabrics Chemistry, and electric Engineering.
By Weng W. Chow, Stephan W. Koch
This e-book provides an in-depth dialogue of the semiconductor-laser achieve medium. The optical and digital homes of semiconductors, relatively semiconductor quantum-well platforms, are analzyed intimately, protecting a wide selection of near-infrared platforms without or with pressure, in addition to wide-gap fabrics reminiscent of the group-III nitride compounds or the II-VI fabrics. the $64000 bandstructure transformations and Coulomb interplay results are mentioned, together with the answer of the longstanding semiconductor laser lineshape challenge. Quantitative comparisons among measured and estimated gain/absorption and refractive index spectra for a wide selection of semiconductor-laser fabrics allow the theoretical effects for use at once within the engineering of complex laser and amplifier buildings. A walth of examples for lots of diverse fabric combos bestow the ebook with quantitative and predictive worth for a wide selection of functions.
By Robert H. Kingston
Optical assets, Detectors, and structures provides a unified method, from the utilized engineering standpoint, to radiometry, optical units, assets, and receivers. some of the most vital and distinctive good points of the e-book is that it combines glossy optics, electrical circuits, and process research right into a unified, complete remedy. The textual content offers actual options including a variety of facts for assets and structures and gives uncomplicated analytical instruments for a bunch of sensible functions. handy reference resources, comparable to a thesaurus with explanatory textual content for specialised optical terminology, are incorporated. additionally, there are various illustrative examples and issues of ideas. The e-book covers many very important, assorted parts equivalent to scientific thermography, fiber optical communications, and CCD cameras. It additionally explains issues reminiscent of D *, NEP, f quantity, RA product, BER, shot noise, and extra. This quantity should be thought of an important reference for learn and useful scientists operating with optical and infrared platforms, in addition to a textual content for graduate-level classes on optoelectronics, optical assets and platforms, and optical detection. Aproblem resolution handbook for teachers who desire to undertake this article is obtainable. Key gains * presents a unified remedy of optical assets, detectors, and functions * Explains D *, NEP, f quantity, RA product, BER, shot noise, and extra * comprises various illustrative examples and routines with strategies * commonly illustrated with greater than ninety drawings and graphs
By Iam-Choon Khoo
The primary technological know-how and newest functions of liquid crystal applied sciences
a great expert reference and more desirable upper-level pupil textual content, Liquid Crystals , moment version is a finished remedy of all of the easy rules underlying the original actual and optical houses of liquid crystals. Written by way of an across the world identified pioneer within the nonlinear optics of liquid crystals, the ebook additionally presents a different, in-depth dialogue of the mechanisms and theoretical ideas at the back of all significant nonlinear optical phenomena taking place in liquid crystals.
Fully revised and up to date with the newest advancements, this moment version covers:
- Basic physics and optical homes of liquid crystals
- Nematics, in addition to different mesophases equivalent to smectics, ferroelectrics, and cholesterics
- Fundamentals of liquid crystals for electro-optics, and exhibit and non-display similar purposes
- Various theoretical and computational ideas utilized in describing optical propagation via liquid crystals and anisotropic fabrics
- Nonlinear optics of liquid crystals, together with up to date literature studies and basic discussions
established to persist with a typical series of guide, from simple physics to the newest really expert optical, electro-optical, and nonlinear functions, Liquid Crystals is a textbook that grounds scholars within the basics prior to introducing them to the most up-tp-date discoveries within the box. Written in a transparent, reader-friendly sort, it beneficial properties a number of figures, tables, and illustrations, together with very important and hard-to-find machine and fabric parameters. useful to scholars, researchers, and people operating with liquid crystal functions in a number of industries, Liquid Crystals , moment version is the main complete and up to date source on hand.
By R.M.A. Azzam, N.M. Bashara?
Ellipsometry is a different optical means of nice sensitivity for in situ non-destructive characterization of floor (inter-facial) phenomena (reactions) using the switch within the kingdom of polarization of a light-wave probe. even supposing identified for nearly a century, using ellipsometry has elevated swiftly within the final twenty years. one of the most important contemporary advancements are new purposes, novel and automatic instrumentation and methods for error-free information analysis.
This e-book presents the required analytical and experimental instruments wanted for efficient figuring out and use of those advancements. it's directed to those that are already operating within the box and, extra importantly, to the newcomer who may differently need to sift via numerous hundred released papers. The authors first current a finished learn of the several mathematical representations of polarized gentle and the way such gentle is processed via optical structures, occurring to teach how those instruments are utilized to the research of ellipsometer platforms. to narrate ellipsometric measurements to floor homes, use is then made from electromagnetic thought. Experimental strategies and equipment are defined and the numerous fascinating purposes of ellipsometry to floor and thin-film phenomena are reviewed.
This reference paintings is addressed to researchers and scholars with a powerful curiosity in floor and thin-film physics and optics and their purposes. it's a needs to for libraries within the fields of stable kingdom physics, actual chemistry, electro-chemistry, metallurgy and optical engineering.
By David A. Krohn, Trevor W. MacDougall, Alexis Mendez
This fourth version of Fiber Optic Sensors is revised and up to date to incorporate the recent sensing applied sciences rising in large advertisement use, with a spotlight on scattering-based allotted sensing platforms. furthermore, a bankruptcy was once further to explain biophotonic sensing platforms and their functions. This ebook covers a huge variety of element sensors and dispensed sensor applied sciences and their purposes in a multiplicity of markets together with strength, biomedical, clever buildings, safety, army, and method keep an eye on. It illustrates how this portfolio of applied sciences has addressed many sensing difficulties which are tricky for traditional methods and sometimes require survival in super harsh stipulations. With the addition of 2 authors who convey seventy five years of mixed adventure in fiber optic sensor know-how, this variation is an important replace and a very good source for any engineer who has an curiosity in complicated sensing platforms