By Dana M. Britton
Whilst most folks examine prisons, they think chaos, violence, and essentially, an environment of overwhelming brute masculinity. yet genuine prisons hardly ever healthy the “Big residence” stereotype of well known movie and literature. One 5th of all correctional officials are girls, and the speed at which girls are imprisoned is turning out to be quicker than that of guys. but, regardless of expanding numbers of girls prisoners and officials, principles approximately felony lifestyles and criminal paintings are sill ruled by way of an exaggerated photo of men’s prisons the place inmates supposedly fight for actual dominance.In a unprecedented comparative research of men’s and women’s prisons, Dana Britton identifies the criteria that impression the gendering of the yankee place of work, a approach that regularly leaves girls in lower-paying jobs with much less status and responsibility.In interviews with dozens of female and male officials in 5 prisons, Britton explains how gender shapes their daily paintings stories. Combining criminology, penology, and feminist concept, she deals an intensive new argument for the endurance of gender inequality in prisons and different businesses. At paintings within the Iron Cage demonstrates the significance of the legal as a domain of gender family members in addition to social regulate.
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Additional info for At Work in the Iron Cage: The Prison as Gendered Organization
Each criminal was unique and required an individualized program of “treatment,” rather than simply punishment (Pisciotta 1994). Treatment was to take the form of a variety of programs, educational, vocational, religious, recreational, and military. Inmates were encouraged to internalize reform through an incentive scheme that allowed those who behaved well to move into higher “grades” and receive more privileges. Indeterminate sentencing and parole provided additional inducements. ” Corporal punishments, which by this time had become virtually the sole reinforcers in penitentiaries, were to be avoided if at all possible (Pisciotta 1994).
To explain the criminality of the working-class and poor women who were housed alongside men in penitentiaries, criminologists offered a different analysis: such women were utter negations of femininity. , must be more depraved, must have sunk already deeper than a man” (quoted in Rafter 1990: 13). Criminal women, unlike their male counterparts, were beyond redemption, by nature corrupt, and outside the reach of the disciplinary regime of the penitentiary. Even the rehabilitated subject was implicitly male.
Rather than being housed in tiers of cells in a large cell block, small groups of girls lived in cottages, each supervised by a matron who served as a sort of surrogate mother to her charges. 5 The man who is credited as the primary institutional architect of the men’s reformatory movement, Zebulon Brockway, visited Penology in America | 35 Lancaster in 1867. At that time, he was superintendent of the Detroit House of Correction and was inspired by this example to establish a women’s House of Shelter adjacent to his facility in 1869.
At Work in the Iron Cage: The Prison as Gendered Organization by Dana M. Britton