By Editors: Maureen McMahon, Patricia Simmons, Randy Sommers
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Additional info for Assessment in Science: Practical Experiences And Education Research
There are six planets in the solar system. This is a great example of a problematic question because the question could logically be answered as either true or false. The question is vague—are there only six planets in the solar system or at least six? In which solar system—ours or some other one? Multiple-choice items allow for more sampling of the content. This is a great example of a problematic question because the question could logically be answered as either true or false. ,“more sampling than true/false items” (F); “more sampling than essay questions” (T)].
And D. Wiliam. 1998a. Assessment and classroom learning. Assessment in Education 5 (1): 7–74. , and D. Wiliam. 1998b. Inside the black box: Raising standards through classroom assessment. Phi Delta Kappan 80 (2): 139–148. Brookhart, S. 1997.
One last issue to consider when reviewing tests is the allocation of scoring points in comparison to instruction. The percentage of points should be roughly equivalent to the amount of time spent teaching each concept. This can be difficult to achieve, as some topics are easily assessed and our tendency is to write more items on that topic. This can lead to the problem of omitting, or providing insufficient, items from other important topics taught in class. Projects, Labs, or Reports X X X X X Display positive attitudes about science (like science) X X X Be able generate and research questions X X Carry out scientiﬁc investigation X X X X Communicate scientiﬁc data X X Be effective problem solvers X X X X Know about scientists and their inventions/discoveries Understand the nature of science X X X X X X X X X Graphic Organizers Essays X Observation Checklists Matching X Engage in cooperative work Apply knowledge to new situations or everyday life 26 Short Answer Understand science content True/False GOALS FOR STUDENTS Multiple Choice PERFORMANCE TASKS Peer Assessment TA B L E 1 .
Assessment in Science: Practical Experiences And Education Research by Editors: Maureen McMahon, Patricia Simmons, Randy Sommers