By George M. Crankovic
Offers you an simply understood reference booklet on glossy analytical ideas. It emphasizes the sensible quite the theoretical, describing the commonest purposes and barriers of every technique.
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Extra resources for ASM Handbook: Materials Characterization
The use of atomic emission for elemental analysis requires measurability of the emission intensity from a line of interest independent of overlapping emission from other species in the sample. The probability of undesired overlap depends on the number of lines in the spectrum and on the wavelength spread or linewidth of each transition. If all atomic term systems were as simple as that shown for lithium in Fig. 1, the probability of spectral overlap would be low. However, lithium is one of the simplest atoms.
Harrison, Chemical Homogenization of Biological Tissues, Anal. , Vol 55, 1983, p 2431 Sampling John K. Taylor, Center for Analytical Chemistry, National Bureau of Standards; Byron Kratochvil, Department of Chemistry, University of Alberta Quality Assurance for Sampling Many sampling errors can be eliminated or minimized by an appropriate quality-assurance program (Ref 19). Quality control may be achieved by following standard operating procedures and recommended laboratory and measurement practices.
Accordingly, sampling uncertainty is often treated separately from other uncertainties. For random errors, the overall standard deviation, so, is related to the standard deviation for the sampling operations, ss, and to that for the remaining analytical operations, sa, by: So2 = S a2 + S s2 . Whenever possible, measurements should be conducted so that sample variability and measurement variability can be separately evaluated. For a measurement process in statistical control where sa is known, ss can be evaluated from so, which is determined by analysis of the samples.
ASM Handbook: Materials Characterization by George M. Crankovic