Download e-book for iPad: Animal Bodies, Human Minds: Ape, Dolphin, and Parrot by William A. Hillix

By William A. Hillix

ISBN-10: 1441934006

ISBN-13: 9781441934000

ISBN-10: 1475745125

ISBN-13: 9781475745122

Several books chronicle makes an attempt, such a lot of them over the last forty years, to coach animals to speak with humans in a human-designed language. those books have usually taken care of just one or species, or maybe one or a number of learn initiatives. now we have supplied a extra encompassing view of this box. We additionally are looking to make stronger what different authors, for instance Jane Goodall, Sue Savage-Rumbaugh, Penny Patterson, Birute Galdikas, and Roger and Deborah Fouts, so passionately express approximately our accountability for our closest animal family members.

This booklet surveys what used to be identified, or believed approximately animal language all through heritage and prehistory, and summarizes present wisdom and the talk round it. The authors determine and try and settle lots of the difficulties in analyzing the animal behaviours which were saw in experiences of animal language skill.

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Additional info for Animal Bodies, Human Minds: Ape, Dolphin, and Parrot Language Skills

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When Sue was occupied elsewhere, Kanzi stole a screwdriver and stuck it into the outlet, with the expected result. "He stood ramrod straight, and his hair rose two inches. He yanked the screwdriver out of the socket and immediately burst into a series of emphatic 'Waa' sounds" (p. 8). Kanzi then picked up anything he could get his hands on-balls, blankets, and toys among them-and threw them at the outlet. After this grounding experience, a lexigram for ELECTRICAL OUTLET, as we would gloss it, would have a very different meaning for Kanzi than for a human who understood electricity and its many uses (beyond delivering shocks).

Humans can communicate at much higher rates than animals, but our communication with each other via language is much slower than communication between computers. So those who argue that animals lack language because What is Language? 19 they communicate too slowly might also want to argue that humans lack language because they cannot communicate as rapidly as computers! We do not suggest that animals or computers are on a par with humans when it comes to language. They are not, and will not be in the foreseeable future, although some computer conversational programs can nearly pass as human conversationalists.

L. Cheney, and P. Marler, Vervet monkeys alarm calls: Semantic communication in a free ranging primate. Animal Behaviour, 28, 1070-1094 (1980). 19. T. T. Strusaker, Social structure among vervet monkeys (Cercopithecus aethiops). Behaviour, 29, 83-121 (1967). 20. B. F. Skinner, Verbal behavior (Appleton-Century-Crofts, NY, 1957). 21. Charles F. Hockett, The origin of speech, in: Human Communication. W. H. Freeman, San Francisco (1982; reprint ofl960 article in Scientific American). 22. G. Bradshaw, Beyond animal language, in: Language and communication: Comparative perspectives, edited by H.

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Animal Bodies, Human Minds: Ape, Dolphin, and Parrot Language Skills by William A. Hillix

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