By Donald E. Pitzer
From the Shakers to the department Davidians, America's communal utopians have captured the preferred mind's eye. Seventeen unique essays right here show the relevance of such teams to the mainstream of yank social, non secular, and financial lifestyles. The members research the ideals and practices of the main popular utopian groups based ahead of 1965, together with the long-overlooked Catholic monastic groups and Jewish agricultural colonies. additionally featured are the Ephrata Baptists, Moravians, Shakers, Harmonists, Hutterites, Inspirationists of Amana, Mormons, Owenites, Fourierists, Icarians, Janssonists, Theosophists, Cyrus Teed's Koreshans, and Father Divine's Peace venture. in line with a brand new conceptual framework often called developmental communalism, the e-book examines those utopian hobbies during the process their development—before, in the course of, and after their communal interval. each one bankruptcy features a short chronology, giving uncomplicated information regarding the gang mentioned. An appendix provides the main entire record of yankee utopian groups ever released. The participants are Jonathan G. Andelson, Karl J. R. Arndt, Pearl W. Bartelt, Priscilla J. Brewer, Donald F. Durnbaugh, Lawrence Foster, Carl J. Guarneri, Robert V. Hine, Gertrude E. Huntington, James E. touchdown, Dean L. may well, Lawrence J. McCrank, J. Gordon Melton, Donald E. Pitzer, Robert P. Sutton, Jon Wagner, and Robert S. Weisbrot.
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Extra info for America's Communal Utopias
A third communal group from Europe highlighted here are the Swedish Separatists who followed the controversial Pietist Eric Jansson to their communal haven in Bishop Hill, Illinois, where they nearly froze upon arrival in 1846 and later saw their leader murdered by a disgruntled convert in 1850. The thriving Swedish town survived Janssoris death in communal form for more than a decade. Visitors now enjoy its lingering Swedish flavor, faithfully restored buildings, and famous paintings of Olof Krans memorializing the Bishop Hill colony and its citizens.
When pressure from the imperial diet came upon them there, the community moved in 1672 to Altona (near Hamburg), under the tolerant jurisdiction of the Danish crown. It was there that Labadie died in 1674. His followers then returned to the Netherlands, settling on a noble estate in Wieuwerd, West Friesland. The Labadist society there gave up full community of goods in 1692 and was dissolved in 1732 following the death of its last spiritual leader. Earlier, in 1679-80, two Labadist agents, Jasper Danckaerts (1639-1702) and Pieter Sluyter (1645-1722), were sent under assumed names to North America to find a place for settlement.
For biographies of communal leaders and brief information on societies, see Robert S. : Greenwood, 1980). , Bibliography on German Settlements in Colonial North America (Leipzig: Otto Harrossowitz, 1937), reprinted as Bibliography on the Colonial Germans of North America (Baltimore: Genealogical Pub. , 1982). Useful, if not complete, bibliographies are provided in Philip N. , American Communes to 1860: A Bibliography (New York: Garland, 1990). 3. An overview of the dissenting tradition is given in Donald F.
America's Communal Utopias by Donald E. Pitzer