By T. Mowle
Why, regardless of their related pursuits, do the coverage personal tastes of the eu Union and usa diverge on such a lot of multilateral matters? to reply to that query, Allies at Odds completely examines fresh overseas efforts in hands keep watch over, environmental safeguard, human rights, and army cooperation. proof from twenty separate instances helps the expectancies of the realist method of foreign politics, which specializes in the function of energy peculiarly. Neither cultural components nor overseas associations have as a lot effect as a few count on. This discovering was once as actual through the Clinton Presidency as throughout the present Bush management, indicating that concentrating on personalities overlooks extra significant and longer-lasting adjustments among the Atlantic allies.
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Extra resources for Allies at Odds?: The United States and the European Union
46 Nevertheless, a realist would not expect the United States to accept relative losses willingly as a result of such steps. S. 47 The United States should particularly favor agreements that would tend to reduce the ability of potential challengers to harm the United States. On issues that do not directly affect material factors, the United States should take the easy step of compromise with others, to reinforce its nonthreatening image without cost. In trying to maintain unipolarity, the United States should “manage .
Realists assume that states behave rationally, so they would suggest that Europeans and Americans may 20 Allies at Odds? 12 Ruling out realism in that way begs the question of why the cost–benefit ratio should be consistently high between certain countries. If state preferences are fixed and conflictual, then the possibility will always remain that rational actors may conclude that the benefits of coercion outweigh the costs. In fact, there are points of material conflict between the United States and the European Union.
Realists recognize that institutions exist as a way of channeling state interests and making cooperation a bit easier. Stephen Krasner broke with this interpretation of institutions when he argued that, at times, the institutions he called regimes can have a feedback effect on state preferences. They may “ ‘alter actors’ calculations of how to maximize their interests, . . may alter interests themselves, . . become a source of power . . ”58 Such institutions can have two types of effects. 59 This is not entirely at odds with realism, since the institution is not so much changing preferred goals but rather altering the cost–benefit ratio associated with different strategies.
Allies at Odds?: The United States and the European Union by T. Mowle