By Erika Harrell
Harrell makes use of numerous waves of the nationwide formative years Survey to degree no matter if Agnew s common pressure idea (GST) may well clarify the connection among adolescent victimization and delinquency. She examines the results of victimization on sorts of delinquency throughout racial and gender teams. the most premise of the GST, that elevated pressure in somebody can result in elevated antisocial habit, is supported the following. Adolescent victimization, as a resource of pressure, raises antisocial habit. despite the fact that, the impact of adolescent victimization delinquency did differ throughout racial and gender teams.
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Additional info for Adolescent Victimization and Delinquent Behavior
It was found that childhood maltreatment did lead to problems associated with polydrug use. Even though they did not Review of Research on Victimization and Delinquency 33 actually measure polydrug use, their results do lend some evidence to the idea that victimization during childhood can lead to polydrug use later in life. However, like Menard (2002) and Harrison et al. (1997) they did not test racial differences. NONVIOLENT, NON-DRUG OFFENDING There has not been as much attention given to the effect of victimization on nonviolent, non-drug offending compared to the amount of work on the effect of victimization on violent offending and illicit drug use.
1984) examined a sample of youths receiving psychiatric services at a hospital. Among those who reported that they had been abused, 72% had been involved in extremely violent behavior as compared with 42% of the nonabused youths. Also, Rivera and Widom (1990) found using official data and a longitudinal design that victimization in childhood did increase the overall risk for violent offending, particularly in males and African Americans. Smith and Thornberry (1995) used longitudinal data and studied official and self-report data regarding various types of delinquency and records of a child protection agency on a sample of youth in New York.
The literature review below uses the definitions provided by each respective study. CHILDHOOD VICTIMIZATION AND GENERAL DELINQUENCY While most of the research literature over the years has acknowledged a link between childhood maltreatment and subsequent delinquency, there are some scholars who have challenged this research (Doerner 1987; Schwartz et al. 1994; Widom 1989b; Zingraff et al. 1993). They claim that various methodological flaws have caused much of this research to be unreliable. This, in turn, raises doubt about the finding that maltreatment increases the likelihood of participation in delinquent and criminal behavior.
Adolescent Victimization and Delinquent Behavior by Erika Harrell