By Paul Tennant
This e-book provides the 1st accomplished remedy of the land query in British Columbia and is the 1st to ascertain the trendy political heritage of British Columbia Indians. It covers the land query from its very beginnings and offers unique awareness to the newest courtroom judgements, executive guidelines, land declare advancements, and Indian protest blockades. Aboriginal claims stay a arguable yet little understood factor in modern Canada. British Columbia has been, and is still, the surroundings for the main severe and protracted calls for by way of local humans, and likewise for the most powerful and so much constant competition to local claims by way of governments and the non-aboriginal public. Land has been the basic query; the Indians have claimed carrying on with possession whereas the province has steadfastly denied the prospect. delivering a brand new interpretation of Governor James Douglas, Paul Tennant perspectives him as much less beneficiant to the Indians than have such a lot different historians and demonstrates how Douglas was once mostly liable for the long run process the land query. not like what many non-Indians are assuming, the Indians of British Columbia started their land claims firstly of white cost and persisted regardless of the large efforts of missionaries and govt officers to suppress Indian tradition, and regardless of Parliament's outlawing of claim-related actions. The Indians emerge during this ebook as political innovators who maintained their id and beliefs and who at the present time have extra energy and team spirit than ever earlier than. the writer has performed large interviews with many Indian leaders and has tested the interior workings of presidency organizations and Indian political companies. whereas sympathetic to local claims, he focuses as a lot on disasters and deficiencies as on strengths and successes. "Paul Tennant is an affiliate Professor within the division of Political technology on the collage of British Columbia.". This booklet is meant for.
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Extra info for Aboriginal Peoples and Politics: The Indian Land Question in British Columbia, 1849-1989
5 The complète text of thé first of thé sales agreements, thé one arranged with thé Teechamitsa, a Songhees community occupying what is now Esquimalt, is as follows: Know ail men, We thé Chiefs and People of thé "Teechamitsa" Tribe who hâve signed our names and made our marks to this Deed on thé Twenty ninth day of April, one thousand eight hundred and Fifty do consent to surrender entirely and for ever to James Douglas thé agent of thé Hudsons Bay Company in Vancouvers Island that is to say, for thé Governor Deputy Governor and Committee of thé same thé whole of thé lands situate and lying between Esquimalt Harbour and Point Albert including thé latter, on thé straits of Juan de Fuca and extending backward from thence to thé range of mountains on thé Sanitch Arm about ten miles distant.
One notion bas been that Indians were too simple and unsophisticated before contact to be regarded as having individual or collective rights. This assumption is hostile to Indians, taking them to hâve been primitive créatures with no more rights than other wildlife, and it regards thé land as having been essentially empty and unused until it was discovered and put to use by Whites. Accordingly, Indians had no rights in thé first place and so could hâve none later. Although it bas by no means disappeared, this notion is now less pronounced than it was in earlier décades.
William Cox, for example, evidently having more trust in Indians than Moody did, allocated thé Kamloops Indians many square miles,26 including much prime agricultural land. Throughout both colonies, however, it was thé government surveyors and magistrales, not thé Indians, who were thé final local arbiters on reserve acreage. The question of Douglas's generosity in defining reserves cornes down to numbers of acres and families. Duff accepts ten acres for each family as thé maximum. "27 The one letter of instruction that Fisher cites in support of this assertion was written on 6 April 1864, only days before Douglas retired, and so it could only hâve had minimal effect while he was governor.
Aboriginal Peoples and Politics: The Indian Land Question in British Columbia, 1849-1989 by Paul Tennant