By Julie Coleman
This publication keeps Julie Coleman's acclaimed heritage of dictionaries of English slang and cant. It describes the more and more systematic and scholarly means within which such phrases have been recorded and categorized within the united kingdom, the us, Australia, and somewhere else, and the large development within the book of and public urge for food for dictionaries, glossaries, and courses to the detailed vocabularies of alternative social teams, sessions, districts, areas, and countries. Dr Coleman describes the origins of phrases and words and explores their historical past. via copious instance she exhibits how they forged gentle on daily life around the globe - from settlers in Canada and Australia and cockneys in London to gang-members in long island and squaddies struggling with within the Boer and primary international Wars - in addition to at the operations of the narcotics exchange and the leisure enterprise and the lives of these attending American faculties and British public schools.The slang lexicographers have been a colorful bunch. these featured during this e-book comprise spiritualists, aristocrats, socialists, newshounds, psychiatrists, school-boys, criminals, hoboes, law enforcement officials, and a serial bigamist. One supplied the muse for Robert Lewis Stevenson's lengthy John Silver. one other used to be allegedly killed by means of a red meat pie. Julie Coleman's account will curiosity historians of language, crime, poverty, sexuality, and the felony underworld.
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Additional info for A History of Cant and Slang Dictionaries: Volume III: 1859-1936
John Camden Hotten 23 tainty produces entries including several mutually incompatible etymologies: SHOW-FULL, or shoful, bad money. Mayhew thinks this word is from the Danish skuffe, to shove, to deceive, cheat; Saxon, scufan,—whence the English shove. The term, however, is [1860: is possibly] one of the many street words from the Hebrew (through the low Jews); shephel, in that language, signifying a low or debased estate. Chaldee, shaphal. See Psalm cxxxvi. ] Hotten’s unwillingness to choose between competing etymologies is a feature of his dictionary that would only worsen in succeeding editions.
See Chapter 10. 5 Hotten, Dictionary, 1859, iii–iv [ﬁrst sequence]. 1. Hotten’s ‘Cadger’s Map’ (1859) 18 John Camden Hotten The year before Hotten published the ﬁrst edition of his dictionary, a group of scholars in Oxford and London had passed a resolution to begin updating Johnson’s dictionary. It was not until eleven years after Hotten’s death that the ﬁrst fascicle of the New English Dictionary, now known as the Oxford English Dictionary, was to appear, but it was with these modern philologists that Hotten chose to ally himself: It appears from the calculations of philologists, that there are 38,000 words in the English language, including derivations.
1874 Flying mess, “to be in a flying mess” is a soldier’s phrase for being hungry and having to mess where he can. Tormentors, the large iron ﬂesh-forks used by cooks at sea. 01): 30 32 31 Compare fast (26) and cold coffee (30). Compare gent (23) and mace (26). 33 Compare round (23), fadge (26), and sell (30). Compare toucher (26). —See crow. —Sala’s Gaslight and Daylight, p. 308. —American. 33 1874 Area Sneak, a thief who commits depredations upon kitchens and cellars. Bemuse, to fuddle one’s self with drink, “bemusing himself with beer,” &c.
A History of Cant and Slang Dictionaries: Volume III: 1859-1936 by Julie Coleman