By Egon Friedell
A Cultural background of the trendy Age: The obstacle of the ecu Soul
Volume 3 of A Cultural heritage of the trendy Age finishes a trip that starts with Descartes within the first quantity and ends with Freud and the psychoanalytical move within the 3rd quantity. Friedell describes the contents of those books as a chain of performances, beginning with the delivery of the fellow of the fashionable Age, through flowering of this epoch, and concludes with the demise of the fashionable Age.
This large panorama offers an intertwining of the fabric and the cultural, the civil and the army, from the excessive issues of inventive flowering in Europe to loss of life and vacancy. the subjects exhibit a number of messages: romanticism and liberalism opens the cultural scene, encased in a flow from The Congress of Vienna and its claims of peaceable co-existence to the Franco-German struggle. the ultimate phase covers the interval from Bismarck's new release to global conflict I. In each one example, the quotidian lifetime of fight, racial, spiritual, and social classification is visible throughout the lens of the robust figures of the period.
The works of the period's nice figures are proven within the new gentle of the human look for symbolism, the quest for superman, the increase of individualism and decline of background as a resource for wisdom. This 3rd quantity is painted in darkish colours, a foreboding of the area that used to be to come back, of political extremes, and highbrow exaggerations. the writer appears to be like ahead to a postmodern Europe within which there's a faint glean of sunshine from the opposite part. What truly seemed used to be the glare of Nazism and Communism, every one claiming the future.
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Additional resources for A Cultural History of the Modern Age, Volume 3
For until we understand what made a polis, we cannot search for its Athenian origins. Nor indeed for the origins of Athenian citizenship. 104 I would like to count myself among those historians who have been striving to achieve a synthesis between anthropological-style synchronic analysis and "old-fashioned" political history. See my comments in Manville (1979) and those of Finley (1986a), 109-12; Humphreys (1985a), 257-59; Strauss (1989); Ober and Strauss (1990). " His conception and exercise of citizenship were bound'intimately to the world of his polis, and we now need to examine the Athenian polis itself.
81 The speaker Euxitheos, rejected as a citizen by the members of his deme, is at pains to prove (before a dikasterion in the city) his Athenian origins based on the testimony of kin, phratry members, and an appeal to ancient family tombs in Attika. The persistence of older tradition perhaps also explains why candidates for the archonship were asked not only about their demes and parents' demes, but also whether they had cults of the oikos, Apollo Patroos and Zeus Herkeios, and family tombs (Ath.
Oec. ; Isoc. 128; Theophr. Char. 6. 74 Fisher (1976), 26-30; Finley (1983), 37. 75 Dover (1974), 296-99. WHAT WAS ATHENIAN CITIZENSHIP? , Dem. ), the "good citizen" endeavored to bring honor to himself, even at the cost of personal sacrifice. " The word is ubiquitous in honorary decrees and oratory. " The confluence of individual honor and benefit for the community represented by philotimia points once again to the Periklean ideal of the citizen's willingness to turn his private life to the goals of the polis.
A Cultural History of the Modern Age, Volume 3 by Egon Friedell